By 2100, the Earth’s population will grow to 11 billion

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According to a UN researcher, the Earth’s population will rise to 11 billion by 2100. The growth will be faster in the next 30 years than afterwards, with 9.7 billion people on the planet by 2050.

The new report shows a slower growth compared to previous estimates. A study two years ago wrote that by the end of the century, 11.2 billion people would be living on the planet, now down by 200 million.


The UN summarized the research results published on Monday at 10 points.

Growth will be disproportionately distributed between different regions of the world. In Africa, people living in sub-Saharan Africa will double as many as they are now by 2050, while in Europe and North America, a 2 percent increase in population is expected over the next 30 years.
9 countries are responsible for more than half of the population growth: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States. India, which is the top country in China by 2027, will stand out from this.
This also shows that the population is growing most in poor countries. This, according to the UN, also makes it difficult to achieve the humanitarian objectives of the World Organization, including the eradication of global poverty, the reduction of regional inequalities, the elimination of quantitative and qualitative hunger, and the extension of access to schools and health facilities.
However, there will be countries where population growth can trigger economic recovery in the coming decades. Population growth in Sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean will benefit the economy, as the proportion of the active population, ie 25-64, will grow enormously compared to other age groups.
At present, half of the people live in a country where the population is declining, ie 2.1 is the fertility rate of women, which means that an adult woman on average has 2.1 children during her life. By 2050, this will be almost global, with a rate of fertility of 2.2, which is due to the fact that population growth is slowing down in a huge plant where the population is still growing.
Citizens from developing countries are increasingly living. In 1990, the global average of life expectancy at birth was 64.2, currently 72.6 and 77.5 by 2050. Mostly, developing countries can catch up fast with developed countries in terms of life expectancy. Based on 2019 data, people in developing countries live on a shorter average of 7.4 years.
Aging societies will challenge more and more countries. By 2050, 16 percent of mankind will be 65 or older, currently only 9 percent. The number of people over the age of 80 is going to be huge, currently they are 143 million, their number will triple by 2050 and will be 426 million.
Current pension systems are unsustainable in the long run. In most countries, the working population finances pensions through contributions, but this needs to be changed. If countries want to guarantee the well-being of their older citizens, they will have to reform their social security systems.

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