As expected, on Friday the House of Lords, the upper chamber of the British Parliament, approved a law that would make it impossible for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union without an agreement at the end of October.
The motion, initiated by Labor, the largest opposition force, was passed Wednesday night by a 327-299 lower house, a serious defeat for the conservative prime minister Boris Johnson, who vehemently opposed the initiative.
After approval by the House of Commons, the bill immediately went to the House of Lords for further discussion.
There have been clear indications in the past that members of the House of Lords pro-Brexit will try to push ahead with the law on banning Brexit until there is finally time for a final version. In fact, more than a hundred amendments to the law were submitted to the upper house and would have to be voted on individually, and the fate of the modifiers accepted in the upper chamber would have to be decided.
That would have called into question the law’s enactment because Johnson had previously announced that he would suspend the current parliamentary session from next week and a new legislature would begin in October with a new government program.
However, on Thursday, an agreement was reached that the House of Lords would not use this time-consuming tactic, and on Friday evening, the Upper Chamber also approved legislation to ban unprompted Brexit.
Based on this, II. Queen Elizabeth promulgates the law, which will enter into force without further rounds of legislation.
The essence of the legislation is that if Parliament does not give its consent to a new Brexit agreement by 19 October and that Britain’s membership of the EU will be terminated without an agreement, Boris Johnson will have to initiate Postponing the exit due on 31st January by three months, ie until 31st January 2020.
Unanimous decision by the European Council of Heads of State or Government of the European Union is required to approve further, now third, postponements.
However, Johnson has repeatedly stated in recent days that under no circumstances would he be willing to initiate a postponement of exit from the European Union, and earlier this week announced that he would initiate early elections if Parliament voted on a motion to ban uninstructed Brexit.
The Prime Minister did so already Wednesday night, shortly after the bill was passed in the lower house, proposing 15 October as the date of the elections.
In Johnson’s view, the adoption of the Labor Party bill has made it impossible to negotiate further with the EU on a new agreement setting out the conditions for exit.
According to a 2011 British law setting a five-year parliamentary term, the next election would be due in 2022 and the previous parliamentary election would require a two-thirds vote – 434 votes in the current House – but only 298 votes. voted on Johnson’s initiative.
The opposition has consistently and consistently argued that it would be unacceptable to call early elections until the possibility of a disorderly Brexit is finally on the agenda.
Opposition parties also formally agreed on Friday that they would not support calling early elections ahead of the European Union summit starting on 17 October.