Secondly, the prime minister’s initiative for early parliamentary elections in the London House of Commons failed to be approved, with a two-thirds majority required to approve the motion in Tuesday morning’s vote.
Monday’s debate, which begins at dawn on Tuesday, ends the current session of the British Parliament, and the Queen’s speech on the new government program kicks off on October 14 with the next legislature.
Under the 2011 British law, which fixes a parliamentary term for five years, the next election is due in 2022, and the previous parliamentary election would require a two-thirds vote – 434 votes in the current House – in the lower house.
However, last week, 298 voted in favor of the prime minister’s motion, with 293 voting again at Tuesday morning.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced for the first time last Wednesday that he would launch early elections on October 15 after the House passed a bill that would in principle prohibit the conservative British government from leaving the European Union unanimously at the end of October.
The essence of the law is that if Parliament does not agree to a new Brexit agreement by 19 October and that Britain’s membership of the EU will be terminated without an agreement, Johnson will have to take the lead on the EU on 31 October postponing the exit by three months, ie until 31 January 2020.
The law even predetermined in what letter Johnson would ask the President of the European Council, composed of EU heads of state and government, to postpone Brexit. The unanimous decision of the European Council is required to approve further, the third postponement of exit.
However, Boris Johnson has repeatedly stated in recent weeks that under no circumstances is he willing to initiate a postponement with the European Union, and that the United Kingdom will definitely leave the EU on 31 October, whether there is a new Brexit agreement or not. .
The British Prime Minister has reaffirmed this position after Tuesday morning’s vote, although several leading legal experts have said in recent days that Johnson could go to jail if he refuses to comply with the law, which was formally approved by the ruler on Monday, banning Brexit. .
Johnson said the mid-October election date would have been important in lifting the current parliamentary stalemate ahead of the crucial EU summit on Brexit, beginning on October 17.
However, the opposition’s consistent and consistent position is that it is unacceptable to call early elections until the possibility of a disorderly Brexit, which Boris Johnson is unwilling to exclude, is finally on the agenda.
Opposition parties fear, in the first place, that if the election is announced in October and the Conservative Party, which currently has no majority in the lower house, wins, Johnson would withdraw the bill to ban disorganized Brexit.
It was also argued in the opposition that if the House of Commons votes to call the elections proposed by Johnson on October 15, the prime minister, by virtue of the right under the electoral law, could arbitrarily postpone the election date to November, beyond the 31st October Brexit deadline, thus achieving a British exit at the end of October without parliamentary say, whether or not a new Brexit agreement is reached.
Following Tuesday morning’s vote, the current parliamentary session has closed and the new legislative season begins with the announcement of a new government program on October 14, just two weeks before the current deadline for Brexit.
Johnson is widely accused by the opposition and within the Conservative Party of seeking to limit the number of parliamentary days remaining until the end of October’s Brexit deadline, in an attempt to narrow the margin for uninvolved Brexit MPs.
However, the head of government has repeatedly denied these allegations, saying the move has nothing to do with Brexit, with the aim of announcing a brand new government program with central goals such as public health service (NHS) and infrastructure development.
The closure of a parliamentary session is not the same as the dissolution of Parliament. At the start of the new parliamentary term on 14 October, the House of Commons will continue to work in the same composition.