In many European countries, the rights and equal opportunities of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people have deteriorated in recent years; the situation is by far the best in Malta, and the worst in Azerbaijan, while Hungary is at the beginning of the midfield, wrote the European Division of the International Gay Organizations (ILGA-Europe) in its recent annual report.
The organization has also published the so-called Rainbow Index this year, which ranked 49 European countries on the basis of the legal status of sexual minorities. On the scale, 100 is the highest score, which means full equality of rights, maximum respect for the human rights of those concerned.
The situation is currently the best in Malta (90), Belgium (73), Luxembourg (70) and Finland (69). The worst is in Azerbaijan (3), Turkey (5), Armenia (7) and Russia (10).
Hungary is ranked 41th in 19th place and prevents the vast majority of countries in the region: Slovenia (40), Slovakia (30), Serbia (28), Czech Republic (26), Ukraine (22), Romania (21) and Poland (18). At the same time, Austria (49) and Croatia (47) perform somewhat better.
ILGA-Europe also made recommendations for Hungary. Among other things, updating the framework for non-legal recognition, so that the procedure is based on self-determination, does not depend, for example, on certain medical examinations or interventions, and on the more effective enforcement of freedom of assembly.
According to the Brussels-based organization, it is worrying that there is not much progress in LGBTI rights in Europe today. As it was written, for the first time in the last ten years, there was a spectacular backlash, so far the stagnation was the worst.
Among other things, the Communication highlighted that in Poland single women are no longer eligible for artificial insemination, and in Bulgaria the possibility of changing the name or gender of transgender people in official documents has been abolished.
In the case of Bulgaria, Hungary and Turkey, the main reason for rejection was that local authorities did not respect fundamental civil and political rights in several cases last year. “The result is an increasingly unsafe and sustainable environment for LGBTI organizations and lawyers,” he said.
The situation is still the most favorable in northern and western Europe, but there are also some problems in these states, such as legislation on hate speech.