The UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Baku on Friday held five new locations on the World Heritage List. The new ones include two natural sites (French and Icelandic), a mixed site: natural and cultural (Brazilian, and two cultural (Burkina Faso and Iraq) World Heritage Sites).
According to the UNESCO website, the committee adopted the extension of the natural and cultural heritage site of the Ohrid region. The Ohrid Lake and its northern Macedonian part of the countryside became a World Heritage Site in 1979, now it has been expanded with the Albanian part of the lake.
Iraqi Babylon has been selected as the World Heritage site. The ruins of the city are 85 kilometers from Baghdad. Babylon BC Between 625 and 539, it was the capital of the New Babylonian Empire. There are villages and agricultural areas around the ancient city.
The remnants of Babylon, the exterior and interior walls, the gates, the palaces and the temples remind us of one of the greatest powers in the ancient world. Babylon was the seat of successive empires, Hammurapi and Nebuchadnezzar ruled there. One of the seven wonders of the Ancient World, Queen of Assyrian Babylon, Semiramis’s pendant garden had a major impact on art and culture all over the world, UNESCO said.
The memorials of ancient iron metallurgy – about fifteen standing furnaces, several other furnace structures, mines and residences – have become part of the World Cultural Heritage in Burkina Faso. Douroula in the BC It was found in the 8th century that iron was produced. Findings found in other parts of the West African country testify to the development of iron metallurgy.
Natural sites are one of the Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, Amsterdam Island and St Paul Island, and 60 small Antarctic islands, located in the south of the Indian Ocean, under French jurisdiction. The French Southern and Antarctic Territories cover more than 67 million hectares, with the largest number of marine mammals and birds. Here is the largest population of king penguins and yellow albatrosses.
The Icelandic Vatnajokull National Park, Europe’s largest national park, is a 1.4 million hectare special volcanic area. It is a volcano under ten central and eight glaciers, two of which are Iceland’s most active volcanoes. The volcanic area is home to a subsurface aquatic fauna that survived the Ice Age.
Mixed – cultural and natural – world heritage sites include the landscape between Brazilian Paraty and Iha Grande, the Serra da Bocaina Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. The center of the countryside is the historic town of Paraty, which is well preserved on the coast. This region is one of the five biodiversity hubs in the world.
The 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee lasts until July 10th.